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What are Mental Health Conditions? 

An introduction


Anxiety refers to anticipation of a future concern. Mild levels of anxiety can be beneficial in some situations. It can alert us to dangers and help us prepare and pay attention.

Common anxiety signs and symptoms include:

  • Feeling nervous, restless or tense

  • Having a sense of impending danger, panic or doom

  • Having an increased heart rate

  • Breathing rapidly (hyperventilation)

  • Sweating

  • Trembling

  • Feeling weak or tired

  • Trouble concentrating

  • Trouble thinking about anything other than the present worry

  • Having trouble sleeping

  • Experiencing gastrointestinal (GI) problems

  • Having difficulty controlling worry

  • Having the urge to avoid things that trigger anxiety

Anxiety disorders differ from normal feelings of nervousness or anxiousness and involve excessive fear or anxiety.

  • Anxiety disorders are the most common of mental disorders.

  • They affect nearly 30% of adults at some point in their lives.

  • Anxiety disorders are treatable with a number of psychotherapeutic treatments. 

Anxiety disorders can cause people to try to avoid situations that trigger or worsen their symptoms. Job performance, schoolwork and personal relationships can be affected. ​ In general, for a person to be diagnosed with an anxiety disorder, the fear or anxiety must:

  • Be out of proportion to the situation or be age-inappropriate

  • Hinder their ability to function normally


There are several types of anxiety disorders: generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder with or without agoraphobia, specific phobias, agoraphobia, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder and selective mutism.

From and Mayo Clinic 

For more information on the different types of anxiety disorders, follow the above links


Depression (major depressive disorder) negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and how you act. Depression causes feelings of sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities you once enjoyed. It can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease your ability to function at work and at home. Fortunately, it is treatable.

Depression symptoms can vary from mild to severe and can include:

  • Feeling sad or having a depressed mood

  • Loss of interest or pleasure in activities once enjoyed

  • Changes in appetite — weight loss or gain unrelated to dieting

  • Trouble sleeping or sleeping too much

  • Loss of energy or increased fatigue

  • Increase in purposeless physical activity (e.g., inability to sit still,

  • (these actions must be severe enough to be observable by others)

    handwringing) or slowed movements or speech

  • Feeling worthless or guilty

  • Difficulty thinking, concentrating or making decisions

  • Thoughts of death or suicide

Medical conditions (e.g., thyroid problems, vitamin deficiency) can mimic symptoms of depression so it is important to rule out general medical causes.


Stats about Depression 

Depression affects an estimated one in 15 adults (6.7%) in any given year. And one in six people (16.6%) will experience depression at some time in their life. Depression can occur at any time, but on average, first appears during the late teens to mid-20s. Women are more likely than men to experience depression. Some studies show that one-third of women will experience a major depressive episode in their lifetime. There is a high degree of heritability (approximately 40%) when first-degree relatives (parents/children/siblings) have depression.


For more information on depression, follow the above link

Many things can contribute to anxiety and depression. One thing that for sure can contribute is what has been called "thinking errors" - or ways of thinking that can lead to increased self-doubt and decreased self-compassion


Are your thoughts filled with these?


How true are these?

What would you say to a friend
who believed  these things?

What is real? What is reasonable? What is true?

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